HFS Plants

Know-how and technology licensing.

Vogelbusch HFS Technology

High fructose syrup (HFS, or HFCS for high fructose corn syrup) in specified concentrations has a similar caloric value and sweetness to table sugar. As an effective natural sweetener it is popular in the soft drinks and confectionery industry.

High DE glucose syrup, the basis for HFS production, is made from common starch plants such as corn, wheat, rice and cassava.

 

1 blockdia hfs
Process block diagram

Some of the glucose contained in high glucose syrup is converted to fructose and sold as HFS-42 or it is enriched to specified concentrations, such as HFS-55 and higher.

Clear substrate
RAW MATERIAL PREPARATION

The feedstock, high glucose syrup, is a clear substrate obtained from starch with a DE of 96 or higher (see glucose) which is already filtered, deashed and evaporated to desired concentration for conversion.

Isomerization
BIOREACTION

To extend the life time of the enzymes the ion content of the substrate is adjusted by addition of specific salts.

A portion of the glucose contained in the syrup is converted into fructose by an enzymatic conversion step called isomerisation. The syrup passes through columns that are filled with the immobilized enzyme isomerase, creating a glucose-fructose syrup also known as isoglucose, with a concentration of approximately 42% fructose in dry matter substance.

For the production of high purity fructose products (HFS-98, crystalline fructose) isomerization can be designed for contents up to 48% fructose in dry matter substance.

Enrichment to higher degrees
PRODUCT ISOLATION, PURIFICATION AND CONCENTRATION

The isoglucose syrup undergoes a purification step including ion exchange and decolorization (for instance by activated carbon treatment). 

In a continuous chromatographic separation process the isoglucose syrup is separated in a fructose-rich (extract with a purity of typically 90%) and a glucose-rich (raffinate) fraction.

While the raffinate is recycled to the isomerization process, the extract is blended with isoglucose syrup to reach the desired content of 55% fructose. After polishing of the solution in a mixed bed ion exchanger the product is finally concentrated to 77% DS by multi-effect evaporation and marketed as HFS-55.

Alternatively isoglucose syrup can be concentrated by evaporation to 71% DMS and marketed as HFS-42.

1 starchsugar 6980
Product applications

Both HFS-42 and HFS-55 are commonly used in food, beverage and confectionery applications as in manufacturing the liquid product is easier to handle compared to crystalline sugar.

The extract  from chromatographic separation can be marketed directly or processed further.

Typical applications are

  • Liquid sweetener with high fructose content
  • Manufacture of crystalline fructose
  • Intermediate product for biotechnological or catalytic processes which need very pure fructose (e. g. HFS-98)
1-grainprocessing
Biotechnological complexes
GRAIN PROCESSING FACILITIES

HFS is only one of many compounds in the starch sweetener and fermentation business.

Besides starch milk and sweeteners, grain processing facilities additionally can include the production of a whole range of valuable products and by-products such as

  • Dry native starch
  • Dry protein fraction (gluten)
  • Germ fraction
  • Dried and pelletized animal fodder
  • Modified starch and other upgraded starch products
  • Fermentation products

We understand the interaction among substrate, bioconversion, recovery and purification and can assist you in developing your complete grain processing project, from raw material selection through to the final product range. Contact us for:

  • Pre-engineering and feasibility studies including comparison of different product scenarios
  • Determination of the most suitable technical solutions and equipment for drying, filtration, evaporation, ...
  • System integration of all involved technologies (dry milling, wet milling, starch processing, product drying, ...)

More about Cross Integration Services

Average consumption figures

All figures given here are typical and can vary depending on plant configuration and equipment.

  • HFS-55 (77% DS)

    Consumption for 1,000 kg final product
    Starch 735 kg
    Steam 1,020 kg
    Power 100 kWh
  • HFS-42 (71% DS)

    Consumption for 1,000 kg final product
    Starch 675 kg
    Steam 755 kg
    Power 75 kWh

Showcase project for HFS production

4-rosva
Biotechnological Complex in Kaluga
JSC «BIOTECH ROSVA» - Kaluga, Russia

The biotechnological complex put up by JSC «Biotech Rosva» uses wheat as a feedstock to produce speciality goods such as starch, gluten and various starch sugars, which are intended as ingredients for the food industry. A by-product will be used as animal feed. VOGELBUSCH is responsible for the planning and delivery...

Relevant processes

Find out more about the processes used in HFS production:

Enzymatic conversion of glucose into fructose.
Isomerization
Concentrating products and treating effluents.
Evaporation
Removing of ionic impurities and colors.
Ion exchange
Splitting up components of a solution.
Chromatography
Separating suspended particles.
Filtration
Cleaning and product formulation.
Crystallization
Finishing of products and co-products.
Drying

News

Biotech Rosva: Wheat processing complex
28 Jan 2014

Vogelbusch receives order for engineering and supplies for a biotechnological production complex in Kaluga.

FAQ

All information given here is typical and can vary depending on plant configuration. For particular information please send your project details to the email address given below.

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  • What is the difference between glucose and fructose syrups?

    Glucose syrups are produced in a two stage enzymatic process containing mainly glucose and higher sugars, but virtually no fructose. Fructose syrups are produced by an enzymatic conversion of the glucose.

  • How many different product qualities can be made in an HFS plant?

    A production facility for HFS-55 can alternatively produce high DE glucose syrup, HFS-42 and basically also HFS-90 and HFS-98.

    Manufacturing of the two last is limited by the chromatographic enrichment unit, which in this case can reach only part of the nominal capacity: up to 45% of initial raw material need to be extracted to gain a stream mainly containing glucose and higher sugars to yield HFS-90 and HFS-98.

  • Which minimum capacity is recommended?

    The recommended minimum economic capacity is in the range of 30 000 tpa of HFS-55.

  • Which quality of HFS should I aim for?

    Our plants are designed to produce HFS according to the ISBT standard (www.bevtech.org) which incorporates the quality requirements of the biggest beverage producers.

  • Can I combine several feedstocks?

    As in most cases glucose plants are connected to grain processing facilities, normally they are run with only one type of feedstock in form of the available starch milk. However, plants can also be designed to run on dry starch and in such case different types of native starch (e.g. wheat, corn, tapioca) can be processed with only minor adjustments of process parameter.

  • Which location is favorable?

    Decisive factors for the location of the HFS plant are the same as for grain processing:

    • Short transport routes for raw material & the final product
    • Availability of energy and water

    The most suitable location is therefore next to a grain processing facility.

  • How much space do I need?

    A small HFS plant excluding utilities can be placed in a building of approximately 80m x 36m x 18m (L x W x H). Additionally, space for product storage according to ruling logistics has to be foreseen.

     

     

  • And the investment for such plant?

    Capital expenditure always depends on plant capacity and configuration as well as local conditions. Costs for the process plant (excluding building, auxiliaries, infrastructure) are from euro 8 million upwards.

    This figure is for general reference only since each project has its own particularities that need consideration. 

  • How long does it take to set up the plant?

    With permits on hand the engineering, delivery of equipment and construction takes 16 - 20 months depending on capacity and complexity of the plant.

  • How can I get more information for my HFS plant project?

    Complete our design questionnaire (check Links & Downloads section above) and send it back to us to get a professional opinion on your project.